What Is Hand Dystonia?

By October 30, 2017Hand Dystonia
Hand Dystonia

Hand dystonia is a neurological condition that causes involuntary movement or cramps in the hand or arm muscles when performing a task. Let’s take a look at the condition and how it is treated.

What Is Hand Dystonia?

Hand dystonia, or focal hand dystonia, is also known as writer’s cramp, musician’s cramp or even musician’s dystonia. It presents as involuntary movement, cramps or tremors in the hand while trying to perform a task such as writing or playing an instrument.

Hand DystoniaFocal hand dystonia is a neurological condition involving the way nerve cells communicate which causes these contractures or abnormal postures. It seems to be related to a problem in the basal ganglia, which is the part of the brain responsible for initiating contractions of the muscles.

Treating Hand Dystonia

At this time, there are no medications to prevent or cure focal hand dystonia. However, here at Hand Therapy Group, we can work together to create a home exercise program to reduce your symptoms.

These strategies may include:

• Postural alignment while performing the task

• Ergonomic considerations

• Imagined movements

• Goal-directed repetitive tasks

• Constraint induced therapy

• Strengthening

• Laterality

• Mirror therapy

• Stereognosis

• Graded activities

A thorough assessment by a hand therapist can help determine how to tailor the program to suit your needs. Contact one of our hand therapists today to help you on your road to recovery.

Read more about hand pain during exams, common injuries associated with using a computer, and how to avoid pain while playing guitar.